Treatment for esophageal cancer depends on the stage.
The most common treatment method consists of surgery, which usually involves the removal of a part of the esophageal tumor and the neighboring lymph nodes, including in some cases the upper part of the stomach. Afterwards, the digestive tract is reconstructed to replace the removed esophagus. Chemo and radiotherapy may be the ideal option for some patients or a complement to surgery.
Esophagectomy: The cancerous portions of the esophagus and neighboring lymph nodes are removed.
Radical esophagectomy: The entire esophagus and the top portion of the stomach are removed.
The use of drugs to kill cancer cells, is most often combined with radiation therapy.
The following technological means and radiation therapy are used with this disease:
- Virtual CT simulation
- Intensity modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)
- Volumetric modulated arc therapy (VMAT)
- Stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT)