The first step in the integral detection process consists of a consultation with the Pulmonology Service, where a full pulmonary evaluation is carried out and includes:
- A study of the patient’s medical history.
- Respiratory function tests to detect, apart from cancer, other smoking related diseases.
- A study of the patient’s family medical history.
- A study of the patient’s smoking history to determine the risk of a tumor.
In the case the patient meets the criteria to be included in the screening program, a low radiation CT scan of the thorax and spirometry tests are carried out. Within a week the patient will have a second consultation with the Pulmonology Service to discuss the results of these tests. Taking into account the patient’s current pulmonary situation, and in the case of there being a risk factor, a personalized protocol to monitor the patient is established. In addition, the patient is advised on the most suitable way to stop smoking.